Dog Vomiting

Causes and treatments of vomiting in dogs

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There are many reasons for dog vomiting, ranging from environmental causes to medical causes. Knowing what causes your dog to vomit is vital to treatment and may even uncover underlying or potentially fatal health conditions.

Potential Causes of Dog Vomiting

  • Worms. Bloated stomachs are a sign of worms in young puppies. Both adult dogs and puppies with a heavy worm load are prone to vomiting, due to reduced space in the stomach.

  • An object stuck in the throat. Gagging on a foreign object can induce vomiting.

  • Overeating, or poorly prepared food. Like people, some dogs are prone to eating more than their stomachs can hold.

  • Ingesting foreign objects. Paper, foil and pieces of toys accidentally eaten may cause vomiting.

  • Eating grass. This causes vomiting, but it is usually because the dog seeks to induce vomiting by doing so. Many times other initial illnesses are present, which create a desire to consume grass.

  • Poor esophageal muscle condition. A narrowed esophagus can cause foods to back up and is especially noticeable when a dog eats too quickly.

  • Birth defects. When puppies vomit, it can be a sign of a serious condition caused by a bad liver shunt. This type of vomiting is often accompanied by convulsions, may require surgery and is not always solved through intervention.

How to Know if Vomiting in Dogs Indicates a Serious Condition

Canine vomiting is always a serious problem if it continues longer than a single episode. Vomiting can cause dehydration, even if it's from a simple cause like occasional overeating or irritation of the stomach lining. However, there are times when dog vomit is an indicator that something is not right internally, so a trip to your veterinarian is in order.

In younger dogs, it's important to seek medical attention quickly if puppy vomiting continues for even a short period of time, as small puppies dehydrate at an alarming rate. If your puppy has worms that have developed to the point where they induce vomiting, the condition can cause damage to internal organs and even be fatal. If the cause of vomiting is hereditary or related to a birth defect, your veterinarian will be able to advise you on the best course of treatment. Never ignore vomiting as a symptom or wait to seek advice, because a delay is often deadly.

Preventing Common Vomiting

Make sure your dog does not eat too fast. If you have a dog that gulps its food, it can ingest a great deal of air along with its meal, which can cause bloating and vomiting. Instead, feed it small amounts frequently, and if necessary put large, heavy objects like rocks in its bowl, so that it has to eat around them. This way, it can't gulp its meals. Worm your dog regularly to avoid a parasite buildup that can cause vomiting.

Once you determine the cause of your dog's vomiting and decide on a course of treatment, keeping your pet comfortable is your next concern. If your dog has experienced repeated vomiting, it is likely it will be very tired and will appreciate a comfortable, warm place to sleep. Make sure it gets plenty of water, and if it is not drinking well, ask your vet about possible IV intervention. Providing Pedialyte is also helpful because it helps replace lost electrolytes.

Posted by leen on October 23,2015 at 10:00 AM
i just picked up my dog from a reputable doggy boarding; jet oet resorts and he has a cough, sneezing every 5-10 minutes, ate at 1700 and vomited 4 times between 2 AM-3 AM. Vomit dark brown with white sediments mixed with loads of phlegm. Drove him to the vet STAT and Dr. admitted him as he was severely dehydrated as evidenced by his vomit and tremors. Blood test and I.V fluids will be administered.....if test results are normal, then an xray will be done. Based upon my objective and subjective findings, what do you believe my 1 yr old male maltese is encountering?
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Posted by Charlie on May 04,2014 at 07:21 AM
Oh Tinque I'm so sorry!! I know what you are going through. I had to put my Kitty, Sam, down in July of 2006 due to what the vet bevieles was a brain tumor or stroke. He was 2 weeks shy of being 19 (we got him when he was 5 weeks old). I had 24 hours with him before we had to take him to the vet. He hadn't stopped eating but couldn't eat his food without it getting up his nose (he couldn't lift his head) and cats only breathe through their noses so it wasn't good. I only got about 1-1/2 hours sleep the whole night (slept on the floor and just kept rubbing and talking softly to him). I secretly prayed that he would just lay down, go to sleep and never wake up. However, that didn't happen. We had to rush him to the vet because he was getting worse and had to put him down just hours before we were to fly to Ireland for a trip. I tried everything to try to get out of the trip but insurance on pays if it's a human that dies and not your baby kitty. Tinque, just remember that he'll never truly leave you he'll always have a paw print on your heart. In your in my thoughts I know it so hard to say good bye D2
Posted by diane on October 16,2013 at 10:28 PM
My min pin threw up green vomit what can I do?
Posted by miranda on May 13,2013 at 02:18 PM
hi i got a puppy few days back he's being sick he's got the runs he's doing nothing but crying and sleeping and shaken i wrapped him in a blanket an soon as she warm he's being sick can anyone help thank you
Posted by polly on January 31,2013 at 10:37 AM
Hello. I have a 12 year old toy poodle who has always been very active. However, within the last year he has gone completely deaf and now throws up at least 3 times a week. He used to weigh approximately 11 pounds but now has decreased to approximately 5 pounds. I have taken him to our vet and they did extensive blood work and everything came back normal. The only thing left is exploratory surgery which I can not afford and I don't want to put him through that stress. My dog does not act like he is in pain and still has a normal appetite. He doesn't have the energy like he used to and he can't climb onto the couch anymore or jump onto things. I wonder if I should just try to keep him comfortable and just let nature take its course. I also have a 6 year old toy poodle female and a one year old cock-a-poo male. Any advice? Thanks!
Posted by Katie on January 11,2013 at 08:10 PM
My dog is a goldendoodle and he is eating okay but if we give him water he throws up a few minutes later. We have now limited it to just a little bit of water but it is still happening. Now it is everytime we give him water. Please help me I need to know if i need to take him to the vet or if this is something i can help him with at home.
Posted by VH on November 24,2012 at 05:01 AM
my minpin is 12 years old. she has a fatty tissue in front. she coughs and gags alot. now she goes for 2 -3 days without eating, except for her milk bones. then when she does eat she throws it all up. what could this be?
Posted by Nicolas on October 12,2012 at 06:47 AM
My dog threw up the other day and hasn't been looking so good. it looks like she's lost weight, She breaths really hard, and she just isn't really acting like her self. does anybody know anything about thia? she's a rat terrior and she's about 10 years old.
Posted by sheri on September 03,2012 at 06:03 PM
My dog has thrown up twice in the past two days. She isn't eating grass and she is sleeping alot. She is normally very active and follows my spouse everywhere. Her nose is wet and she still wants to eat. We are not sure what is going on with her. Please let me know what I need to be watching for. We just lost one of our beloved pets in May. My heart cannot stand another loss. Thank you so much.
Posted by Jaco on February 27,2012 at 02:03 AM
Hello; I have a Duchhond and she is vomiting and have diarrhea. The dog are being treated sins day 1 for Parvo virus. well yesterday she was removed from getting iv intervention, and she ate yesterday but last nite she vomited out all her food. is it possible that it is not Parvo Virus?
Posted by T.K. on October 15,2011 at 09:00 PM
I have a pom-chi (Pomeranian and chihuahua mix). He is growing fast and used to be very aggressive when it came to meal time because of his three previous owners' kids getting his food. However, I am a bit worried about him because he has vomited for about 1 or two days. I have not noticed the mess he made in his kennel before until the evening after I woke up from my nap..... Anyway I cleaned up his bedding and kennel and I put some ice in his bowl which hopefully will help him get hydrated through the night and morning. Have you any other techniques to help solve this problem?
Posted by JayW on May 20,2011 at 06:15 PM
i have a maltese thats 3 yrs old, 2 days ago she has beeen acting different, not eating dry nor wet food. Is shaking like she cold, vomiting up green yellow fluids. not as responsive as normal.......shes not drinking water as normal also. can u help us.
Posted by Chrissy VS on July 08,2011 at 01:02 PM
Jay, I too have a Maltese mix...and your dog at 3 years old is still 'young', so this is alarming to me. Vomiting green fluid is bile. If she's not eating, there's nothing in her stomach EXCEPT bile and she will throw that up continually until she 'eats'. This was happeing to my dog as well, except he WAS eating and still throwing up bile. It meant he needed to eat 'more'. Even if it was just a little bit. The problem has resolved itself. However, in your case, she's not drinking water and this is NOT good. Before taking her to the vet, try an eyedropper with water in it and put a very tiny amount in the corner of her mouth. See if it stays down. Do it again and again. If it stays down that is a good sign. If it doesn't, get her to the vet. Something is definitely wrong. It 'can' be parvo at her age...and I pray it isn't. I know you wrote this 2 months ago, so I do hope you resolved this. It sounds like something your vet will have to help you with. Shaking, not eating or drinking and vomiting is a bad combination. I hope all is ok with your little Maltese Jay....xo
Posted by carrie stensrud on April 30,2010 at 03:39 PM
yesterday my neighbors kid feed my female boarder collie mix (age 14 years old), some hot-hot jalapino chicken & now today she has been vomitting & drinking more water than normal; What can I do for her?
Posted by Kelsey Sarrazin on February 06,2010 at 02:06 AM
I DON'T LIVE WHERE THERE IS A VET, NOT EVEN WITHIN DRIVING DISTANCE........ SO DON"T SAY SOMETHING STUPID LIKE TAKE HER TO THE VET! My 6 month old pup wont eat ANYTHING! She still drinks water, but her nose is dry. She hasn't gone # 2 all day or last night, and peed herself, ON HERSELF. She is trained very well to go outside so this is a shock to me. No physical sign of injury besides hunger. What should I do? I didn't know where to go to post this, so I'm sorry if it's in the replies!
Posted by Chrissie on July 08,2011 at 12:54 PM
Kelsey, you have a very young 'puppy'......and these are dangerous symptoms. (I realize your post is a year and a half ago, so I hope you resolved the problem..however, in the future, this is what you can do) recognized ALL the symptoms well, so 'call' someone (or ANYONE) that may know alot about dogs and puppies. Coming on here definitely helped, but I wish someone would have responded to you sooner.............from just what I 'read', your dog isn't going #2 because she hasn't been eating. Peeing on herself at 6 months old is 'still' puppy behaviour, so that isn't alarming. As long as she's drinking fluids and keeping them down, you have no worries. If she starts throwing up fluids, this could be 'parvo', and you'll have no choice but to DRIVE anywhere to a vet because she will DEFINITELY die. Parvo will kill in hours. So, just keep an eye on that. Otherwise, just keep an eye on her....I know you didn't want to hear the word 'vet', and it isn't 'stupid' when it comes to the welfare of your pet. I pray she's ok and things did work out well for you and her. xo
Posted by Debbie Ford on January 30,2010 at 02:38 PM
My dog, part pyreneese, tears blankets that we give her to stay warm. We have tried different materials but she still shreds them and eats, consquently has problems with bm. She is on IAMS dog food only. Why does she insist upon eating cloth. She is eight years old.
Posted by joanna madrigal on October 07,2009 at 09:59 PM
hello: i have two rotties, brother and sister. the male is fixed. they are three and a half. the female for the past 3 months has had a wicked case of conjuctivitis. so..took her to their vet, and she was weighed, 92 lbs, had her eyes checked before the dx, of conjuctivitis was given. we were sent home with kelfex 500 mg. i bid, cortisone tabs 10 mg. i daily for 5 days, then taper down to 1/2 tab q d. for 3 days, the q.od. then twice a week, until gone. also an eye ointment optimune bid for 10 days, or until gone. this treatment did nothing to this conjuctivitis, everyday, we cleaned the eyes with a warm very wet wash cloth, to get the funk out, applied the medication as ordered, still has the problem, but,, now she has lost ALOT OF WEIGHT from 92 lbs, down to 48 lbs. in less than 3 weeks. she is very week, very pale gums, very very boney. i took her back to her vet, he had a plan, that included all kinds of blood tests, i.v. fluids, possible chest and abd. films, stool sample. but wouldn't do any of it because i didn't have the 700 dollar down payment until next week, i offered to leave him my 2500 dollar diamond ring for colatlereal, but he refused, and still wouldn't treat my dog, i am so mad. but anyways, she does eat, i fix rice and chicken shreeded in it, she is hungry, but then after maybe 10 minutes she starts swallowing hard, and drooling and then she will make a "brup" sound, and water and a small amount of the rice will come up. stools are soft, no worms, abdomen is soft, with bowel sounds, this has been going on for about 2 weeks now. no weigh gain at all, but she does seem a liitle more alert, for a short time. still no help from the vet. her brother is not bothered by any of her symptoms, but he does know she doesn't feel well. also she drinks alot of water, about 1 and 1/2 to 2 gallons at a time. but no excessive urination. thats about all i can think of, no fever either. any ideas as to what this horrible problem could possibly be. and what can i do for her.
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